Businesses of all sizes, from startups to large enterprises, want to hire full-stack developers as they can easily take the tasks for a project and be accountable for everything. They can also help reduce the development team size and, consequently, the development cost.

While full-stack developers enjoy popularity worldwide, many aspiring developers need help deciding what they should learn first and the best programming language options to make their full-stack developer career take off. Here we shortlist some of the most popular programming languages for full-stack development.

HTML, CSS & Javascript 

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript form the holy trinity of web development languages. We mention them together because they pair with each other well for fulfilling modern web development requirements. Let’s explain each of them here below.

  • HTML or Hypertext Markup Language: HTML 5 is the latest version of this language, and it helps developers to create robust b pages containing text, video, audio, animation, and rich graphics. This is the language for the web browser to interpret the content to display or show to the users.
  • CSS or Cascading Style Sheets: When HTML allows you to create the web page structure and how the browser will interpret contents, CSS is responsible for the look and feel of the web page.
  • JavaScript: JavaScript is for building a robust front end with extensive interactive features. It is a scripting language that allows developers to create interactive elements, animation, easy content updates, and other powerful functions.


Python is one of the leading languages developers use to create feature-rich apps while using simple syntax that looks like plain English. This reduces the learning curve and makes it popular for many aspiring developers and beginners.

Python also allows the incorporation of diverse kinds of frameworks and applications and allows using them as development tools. For example, Python developers can run Django. As a server-side language, Python is also great for rigorous computing and data modeling tasks.

While the simple syntax of Python ensures a lower learning curve and consequently results in higher productivity, the language is also supported by various third-party platforms. As an open-source language, Python also offers various libraries and frameworks. Last but not least, Python is also widely known for its tremendous scalability.


Java has always been one of the top choices among the popular programming languages by full-stack developers worldwide. Owned and maintained by Oracle Corporation, Java is still the leading general-purpose programming language with an object-oriented principle. The biggest value proposition of Java is its ability to build applications that can be deployed and run across all platforms, such as Windows, Mac, Linux, Android, iOS, and others.

If this Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) principle and resulting portability across multiple platforms save the developers’ efforts and cost of maintenance, the other way Java helps developers are its rich repository and constantly updated features for modern web projects. Java is widely used in all web applications and mobile OS platforms. But it is also used by big data applications for their backend development. Over the years, Java also offered several popular frameworks to make the job of developers easier. Some popular frameworks built on Java include Twitter, YouTube, Amazon, Google, and others.


PHP is one of the most versatile server-side open-source programming languages that stood the test of time and is a vital component of the widely popular LAMP development stack. Developed in 1990, it is still the backend language for most live websites, and its popularity still needs to grow.

Web developers use PHP to write code for server-side development. This language is also widely used by many developers for robust command-line scripts. It can also be used for desktop app development if you have exceptional coding skills.

Last but not least, PHP is always considered a comparatively easy-to-learn language. Having been there for decades, PHP also offers us robust worldwide developer communities to ensure comprehensive support in times of need.


Go, or Golang is the language Google developed in 2007 for API and web apps. The biggest value proposition of using Go is its awesome performance and loading speed. On the other hand, Golang can also deal with several networked systems and the network itself.

Go, or Golang has been primarily created for successful and large projects requiring multifaceted data channels and operational collaborations. The simplicity of structure and syntax primarily made Golang so popular. Some leading companies that use Go include Uber, Dropbox, Google, and many others. Regardless of the development complexity, Agile performance is the biggest promise of Go.


Ruby is another widely acclaimed programming language web developers frequently use for their projects. It is also the basis of popular web app development frameworks such as Ruby on Rails. It is highly developer-friendly and community-backed to excel as a language.

In this respect, we must remember that a complex and multifaceted development approach is only suitable for using Ruby efficiently in web development projects. The best thing about the language is that it also allows users to see the ultimate effect of the development abstractly.

Some key advantages of making Ruby a unique language include simplicity and ease of use with straightforward syntax, optimal or less time-consuming coding style, a robust worldwide developer community, a plethora of ready-to-use development tools, and high market demand.

Summing it up 

All these programming languages we just mentioned are already known for their distinct value offerings among the developer community. Particularly for full stack development where developers need to take extra responsibilities and task load, some of these languages make the job developers much more accessible.